Generally, Staph bacteria can lurk around the skin or other parts of the body without causing any sort of harm whatsoever. This apparently is not the case with Staph infection in the eye. Staphylococci usually stay within the skin and can only become harmful when there are uncovered open wounds. But when the bacteria are able to penetrate the eye, it almost immediately fills up all the glands. The increase in seborrhea will be the reason for the formation of a painful red lump on the eyelid. This common type of Staph infection in the eye is commonly referred to as Hordeulum or Stye.
Staph bacteria can enter the eye in some ways you might not expect. One is because of an open wound in the eye that may be caused by excessive scratching. Second, it could be because of eye makeup that is not completely removed when washing your face. Also, the eye makeup used could possibly be expired – thus having more bacteria than normal. Staph infection in the eye could also be an end result of stress or hormonal imbalances since it causes an increase in the amount of seborrhea.
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is bacteria from the Staphylococus genus that is a causative agent of several life-threatening diseases such as endocarditis, meningitis, and septicemia. At the same time, it can be the main culprit of Staph infection in the eye. The bacteria can infect the eye and can potentially cause normal vision to be greatly altered. One notable life threatening condition caused by this infection is the development of Orbital Cellulitis. When not treated properly, it can lead to total loss of vision and other hazardous complications. Staph infection in the eye is hard to detect since it manifests practically the same symptoms with that of sinusitis.
Aside from Hordeulum, other notable eye infections caused by Staph bacteria are Bleb, Darcryocystitis, Endogenous Endopthalmitis (the most rare), and Periorbital Cellulitis.