A Staphylococcal infection can be acquired in a multitude of ways. There are several notable species from the Staphylococcus genus that can each be a staph infection cause.
The most common is the Staphylococcus aureus. It is because it mainly hovers around the flora found in the nose or on the skin. A wide range of illnesses can be a result of Staphylococcus aureus infection. Notable minor ones include abscesses, scalded skin syndrome, carbuncles, and pimples. More hazardous and life-threatening ones are toxic shock syndrome, meningitis, endocarditis, pnenumonia, and sepsis.
Aside from Staphylococcus aureus, another widely-known staph infection cause is the Staphylococcus pseudintermedius. It usually inhabits and sometimes, even infects the skin of certain animals like cats, dogs, horses, and parrots. Percentage-wise, Staphylococcus pseudintermedius bacteria are often found on the skin, nose, or intestinal tract of about 50% of healthy dogs and a slightly lower percentage can be found in cats. Normally, this particular staph infection cause will not be a source of concern for these animals and their owners. But if and when the animal gets injured or becomes sick, then it will take advantage of the body’s weakened defenses, thus resulting in illness due to infection. If not treated immediately, death is the worst-case scenario.
Another staph infection cause worth mentioning is the Staphylococcus epidermidis. It is mainly found in the mucous membranes of both humans and animals (though it is more common in humans). Staphylococcus epidermidis is usually a non-pathogenic (does not cause illness) bacteria. The only ones susceptible to being infected by it are the immunosuppressed individuals, such as HIV/AIDS patients.
Aside from the first four mentioned, other agents that can potentially be a staph infection cause include some members of the Staphylococcus genus namely: Staphylococcus saprophyticus, Staphylococcus capitis, Staphylococcus ludgunensis, Staphylococcus caprae, Staphylococcus schleiferi, Staphylococcus hominis, Staphylococcus pettenkoferi, Staphylococcus afermentans, Staphylococcus camosus, Staphylococcus felis, Staphylococcus simulans, Staphylococcus warneri, and Staphylococcus xylosus.